A Quick Glance at Epilepsy and Effective Treatments for the cure of Epilepsy

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Epilepsy

Overview

Epilepsy is a central nervous system (CNS) disorder which occur as a result of abnormal nerve cell activity in the brain. Such types of atypical electrical impulse leads to short-term changes in movement, behavior, awareness and sensation. These interruptions are known as seizures and they may last from a few seconds to a few minutes. A person who have experienced two or more unprovoked seizures is considered to be suffering from Epilepsy.

Seizures

A seizure occurs when a burst of electrical impulse in our brain escapes its normal limit. It spreads over neighboring areas and create an uncontrolled storm of electrical activity. There are certain factors that are known to provoke the chances of seizures in epilepsy. Missing medical doses, taking heavy alcohol drinks, use of drugs like cocaine, and lack of sleep are such factors that triggers the onset of an epilepsy seizure.

Treatment and control

A well prescribed treatment can prevent seizures in most people who have epilepsy .The majority of Epileptic seizures are controlled by anticonvulsant drugs that comes under specific category of epilepsy medications. Unlike other treatments, epilepsy treatment is carried out after proper examination of patientsí physical and mental condition. A doctor will initiate the treatment by figuring out the type of epilepsy and kinds of seizures a patient is experiencing. Treatment that controls a kind of seizure may prove to be ineffective for another kind of seizure. It may consume time for a doctor to examine the type of seizures in order to prescribe appropriate medication for epilepsy. The main goal of such analysis is to incorporate a dosage schedule that shows minimal side effects and prevent seizures.

Drugs and medicines are the first and most common approach for epilepsy treatment. It is important to note that antiepileptic or anticonvulsant drugs do not cure epilepsy but they help prevent seizures in most of the people. After the first seizure, it is hard to predict the arrival of next seizure. Hence it becomes difficult to decide when to begin with epilepsy medication. Antiepileptic medicines are not recommended until you have risk factors for having another seizure. These factors include brain injury, abnormal test results, or a hereditary epileptic history.

Antiepileptic medicines

The choice of medicines for epilepsy is based on factors like a patientís tolerance of side effects, severity of seizures and medicationsí delivery method. There are around 26 antiepileptic drugs used to treat seizures and different drugs included in this category work for different seizures. For instance, Gabapentin 300mg is used for focal seizures while Phenobarbital and Phenytoin are used in atonic seizures. Some of the most common types of epilepsy medication include Clobazam, Acetazolamide, Primidone and sodium valproate etc.

Surgery

In cases, where epilepsy haven not been controlled with medicines, having a brain surgery can reduce the frequency and severity of seizures. Brain surgery for epilepsy includes removing an area of an abnormal tissue in the brain or the specific area of the brain where seizures occur most. Surgery can improve the lives of numerous carefully screened people suffering from epilepsy.

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